Hear the words Tourettes and you automatically think swearing.? I know I did until December when our foster child came to stay!
Tourette Syndrome is named after Dr. George Gilles de la Tourette, a French neurologist.
Symptoms can be Tics, repeated sounds and movements.The condition is seen more in males than females and its onset it often around the age of 7 years and is a genetic condition.
People with TS are more likely to have any combination of the following problems:
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Difficulties with Impulse Control (disinhibition)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Various Learning Disabilities (such as dyslexia)
Various Sleep Disorders
Tics are rapid movements or sounds that are repeated over and over for no reason.
A person with a tic can't control the movement or sounds
Tics can be motor such as flicking of limbs or shaking or head. They can also be vocal tics such as yelping, sneezing or tutting. Often they can be suppressed for a short period of time however this often results in a longer sustained outburst afterwards. Tics also worsen in times of stress and anxiety. In most cases tics decrease markedly during sleep, however there are cases where the tics cause significant sleeping problems which can further exacerbate the Tourette symptoms.
Simple motor tics ~ eye movements, grimacing, nose twitching, mouth movements, lip pouting, head jerks, shoulder shrugs, arm jerks, abdominal tensing, kicks, finger movements, jaw snaps, tooth clicking
Complex Motor Tics ~ facial gestures, biting, touching objects or self, throwing, banging, thrusting arms, gestures with hands, gyrating and bending,, copropraxia (obscene gestures).
Simple Phonic Tics ~ sniffling, spitting, screeching, barking, grunting, gurgling, clacking, hissing
Complex Phonic Tics ~ words, phrases, statements such as "shut up," "stop that," "oh, okay," "I've got to," echo phenomenon (repetition of one's own words )
There is no cure for tourettes but they are several things that can be done to help relieve some of the symptoms. As well as medication, stress management and relaxation techniques can help. A high percentage of sufferers notice a significant decrease in their symptoms in their late teens
*This is just an information guide, and if you have any concerns then please consult your doctor*